Myths: 5 Tips on How To Write Mythology

5 tips to write better mythology by SorcererOfTea.com

Myths are one of the most important parts of worldbuilding. Cultures use myths to explain the causes of natural phenomena, ascribe the meaning of words, or just to entertain.

I almost always start writing myths early in my worldbuilding, because I find them the perfect way to explore what my cultures think about. A creation myth in particular is one of the first things I write. These are my tips for writing better mythology.

St George and the Dragon is one of many myths that have entered the western cultural conscious and are retold many times.
St George and the Dragon

1. Research myths from the real world

Reading myths from a diverse set of cultures and time periods will help you understand what makes up a good myth. There are public domain translations of most famous myths available online, but it can be hard to find a copy that suits you.

Some of the language can be very archaic, so consider checking out more modern versions. But I heavily recommend reading actual translations and not summarised versions. Many books of mythology provide only paraphrased, greatly shortened retellings, and these won’t show you how to actually write a myth.

I also suggest checking out the Nine Types of Creation Myth and the Aarne-Thompson-Uther classification system of folk stories.

2. Make your myths entertaining

Myths should thrill. Along side and often overlapping with theater, mythology was one of the major forms of entertainment in the ancient world. Many early myths are poems, and were recited by traveling entertainers.

As a result, writing a myth is rather like writing any other short story – there is a beginning, a middle, and an end. You need a plot, characters, and a motivation to move all the pieces along. And it should be exciting, full of romance, mystery, suspense and action.

3. Decide on a point

Myths usually have a message to impart. Though they don’t necessarily focus heavily on it, in some capacity they serve to explain the world or teach lessons. The purpose of a myth is not always lofty – the story of Apollo and Hyacinthus exists mostly to explain the origin of the name of the Hyacinth flower. In fact, Greek mythology has a dozen or so myths that just serve to explain the names of plants.

Some myths are more ambitious in their purpose, such as the story of Promtheus, which tells us about how fire was created. Pandora’s Jar explains where women come from, and why disease exists. The story of Athena and Arachne simultaneously serves two purposes – to explain spiders, and to warn against hubris and challenging the gods.

The many myths of Freya include one of the necklace she acquired from the dwarves, from the Prose Edda.
Freya and the Dwarves by Harry George Theaker c.1920.

4. Give your myths context

Consider the culture you’re writing for. If your mythology is real (high fantasy), this will change the stories. They may be more accurate, as they might have come directly from a god’s mouth or an oracle. Authors who speak ill of the gods may find themselves struck by lightning. And the portrayals of good and evil may be affected by the politics of the pantheon.

If the culture never developed written language, the myth would be handed down by oral historians. This is why many ancient myths were poetry, which was easier to remember and recite.

The climate and geography also play a part in mythology. Regions with notable mountains often make them important to their myths (for example, Mount Fuji or Mount Olympus). Cultures that rely on the sea would have many sea gods, and cultures that live in an environment with no snow would never conceive of a god of ice. Meanwhile, a culture where winter is a dangerous, harsh time of year might have many, often vengeful, winter deities.

Myths like Cephalus and Aurora were popular entertainment. Art by Anne-Louis Girodet de Roucy-Trioson
Aurora and Cephalus c.1820 by Anne-Louis Girodet de Roucy-Trioson

5. Consider how history changes myths

One of the fundamental differences between a myth and any other story is how embedded they are in the cultural psych. Myths are retold over time. No single version that is entirely correct, because over the centuries characters, events and places have changed in both subtle and dramatic ways.

Information is lost as things are misheard, records are destroyed or retellings contradict each other. For example, Ancient Egyptian script did not record vowels, which means the names of Egyptian gods are partially guesswork.

In a similar manner, the mythology of Europe was fundamentally changed by Christianity, and early missionaries rewrote many myths to fit within their religion. Beings that were formerly gods (The Morrigan, Lugh, the Dagda) were rewritten as mortal heroes, Faeries, or demons. Creatures that fit the narrative the authors wanted to tell.

Political influence can also modify myths. Many notable houses claimed descent from ancient Greek mythological heroes, and adopted and promoted those myths for their own benefit.


Written a myth? Remember to tell me about it in the comments.

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